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Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should be submitted to the Editor of “Focus on Language and Research” online via email Please specify in all correspondence and submissions that your work is intended for the next issue.

Types of submissions:

The journal accepts the following types of submissions for publication:

Original article (theoretical / empirical papers)

Articles should present theoretical or empirical results of the complete study. Manuscript should not exceed 30 typeset pages including figures, tables and references.

Abstract should consist of one paragraph without references and specific acronyms for a minimum of 300 words. In particular cases by the decision of editorial board an expanded version of abstract in English can be requested. Abstract should be logically structured, coherent, clear, concise, well-balanced (problem description / research procedures).

Abstract consists of background, aim or purpose of research, method used, findings/results, conclusions. Preferably written in active voice.

At least 7 to 10 key words are necessary.

The article must be in the IMRaD format: introduction, materials and methods, results, discussions, acknowledgements (if necessary).

Introduction includes the aims and objectives of the study.

Materials and methods are presented in separate paragraphs with short subtitles.

Present the results in logical sequence in separate paragraphs, without discussions, repetition of methods, duplication of digital data presented in tables and figures.

In the discussion the detailed data analysis of the research is presented against literature data.

This provides validation of authors’ conclusions and findings.

An acknowledgments section is optional.

In this section the authors may thank the organizations that subsidized the research, colleagues who consulted them during the study, and/or writing the manuscript as well as the technical staff who provided help during the research.

Action Research

Action research is a self-reflective, systematic and critical approach to enquiry by participants who are at the same time members of the research community. The aim is to identify problematic situations or issues considered by the participants to be worthy of investigation in order to bring about informed changes in practice.

Manuscripts should not exceed 30 typed pages including figures, tables and references. Abstract, keywords and IMRaD format are of the same structure as in original article guidelines (see above).

Reviews and Lectures

Reviews and lectures serve to organize, to evaluate, to identify patterns and trends, to synthesize literature on a topic or to identify research gaps and recommend new research.

Review articles may range from 8,000 to 40,000 words (including references and all other sections). 

Reviews usually include a title, abstract, introduction (includes a description of context, motivation for review and defines the focus, body (structured by headings and subheadings), conclusion (states the implications of the findings and identifies possible new research fields) and references.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with each of the following items, and submissions that do not adhere to these guidelines may be returned to the authors.

  • As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items; submissions may be returned to authors who do not adhere to these guidelines.

    In submitting an article authors guarantee that presented data have not been previously published in whole or in part in any form, place or language. Authors also guarantee that a manuscript has not been previously or simultaneously submitted to other journals. After a manuscript is accepted to publication in the Focus on Language and Research journal it cannot be published, in whole or in part, in any form, place or language without journal administration approval. Violation of the law will be prosecuted. Protected by RF law № 5351-1 «Copyright and related rights» from 09.07.93.

    Files containing the manuscript should be in .doc or .docx format.

    Apart from the file containing the manuscript the following files should also be provided:

    1) Metadata file (it is entitled “Metadata” when you upload this file):

    Name of a manuscript (full-length name) (in English);

    Indicate an appropriate journal part for your work: paper, action research, review;

    7 key words minimum in both Russian and English languages;

    Surname, name, family name, academic degree, academic status, name of an institution, position of author in charge of further communication with the editors (in English);

    Mail address, postal index, phone number, e-mail for further correspondence (in English);

    Surname and initials of the other co-authors, their academic degrees, academic statuses and positions;

    Submission date.

    Files containing list of references (it is entitled “Literature” when you upload this file to the system).

    The text is typed with one and a half line spacing using 14 size Times New Roman font, the text employs italics, rather than underlining as emphasis (except for Internet addresses); all references on illustrations, diagrams and tables are in respective places in text rather than at the end of the document.

    The text corresponds to all stylistic and bibliographic standards, described in Authors Guidelines.

    Submitting a manuscript to a reviewed journal section, you confirm that you agree with the requirements of double-blind review.


Copyright Notice

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under CC-BY 4.0 (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License), that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.


Privacy Statement

Specified when registering the names and addresses will be used solely for technical purposes of a contact with the Author or reviewers (editors) when preparing the article for publication. Private data will not be shared with other individuals and organizations.


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